Biography of Rudolph Steiner

1861
Born on February 27 at Kraljevec on the Murr island in Croatia, within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

1863-68
Lives in the Southern Austrian Railway station at Pottschach, where his father is a railway technician.

1879
Attends Vienna Technical University.

1883
In Vienna, edits Goethe's Natural Scientific Writings.

1889
First introduced to theosophical ideas in Vienna in the circle of Marie Lang.

1889-97
Employed by the Goethe Archive in Weimer.

1891
Receives doctorate in philosophy from the University of Rostock.

1892
Publishes dissertation under the title Truth and Knowledge.

1894
The Philosophy of Freedom is published.

1895
Friedrich Nietzsche: Battler against His Time is published.

1897
Goethe's Conception of the World is published. In Berlin, he edits the avant-garde periodical Magazin für Literatur.

1899
Marries Frau Eunike.

1902-9
Serves as general secretary of the German branch of the Theosophical Society, although he never becomes a member.

1904
Hilla Rebay, who will go on to be the founding director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, attends his lectures.
Knowledge of Higher Worlds and Its Attainment and Theosophy is published.

1908
Wassily Kandinsky and Gabriele Munter attend his lectures at the Architektenhaus in Berlin. Meets with Swedish mystical painter Hilma af Klint in Stockholm.

1909
Separates from the Theosophical Society in disagreement over the declaration by Annie Besant and C. W. Leadbeater that a sixteen-year-old Indian youth, J. Krishnamurti, is a spiritual prophet Piet Mondrian joins the Theosophical Society. Occult Science: An Outline is published.

1910-13
Writes four mystery dramas, first performed in Munich.

1911
Frau Eunike, his first wife, dies.

1913
HIs followers organize the Anthroposophical Society, although he does not become a member. Begins construction on the first Goetheanum, in Dornach, Switzerland.

1914
Marries Marie von Sievers, his former assistant in the German branch of the Theosophical Society.

1919
Develops experimental educational model for children in response to a request from Emil Molt, owner of the Waldorf-Astoria Tobacco factory in Stuttgart.

1920
Hilma af Klint travels to the Goetheanum in Dornach to meet with him.

1922
On New Year's Eve, shortly after completion, first Goetheanum is burned to the ground by arsonists. Virtually all drawings made prior to the fire are destroyed. The touring agency of Sachs and Wolf inform him that they can no longer guarantee his safety and refuse to arrange further public lectures. Hitler and the Nazi party target him for persecution.

1923
Re-founds the General Anthroposophical Society and assumes its leadership.

1925 Dies.